Data from the 2016 survey “Being Black in the EU – Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey” (EU-MIDIS II) by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s (FRA).
“This report highlights how racial discrimination, racist crime, racial profiling and social exclusion specifically affect people of African descent”. (FRA, 2018)
Key findings of the survey:
1- Racist harassment and violence are common occurrences
2- Police stops are often experienced as racial profiling
3- Racial discrimination is a reality in all areas of life
4- Labour market participation – not a level playing field
5- Skin colour affects access to adequate housing