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Figure showing prevalence of stops by police in 5 years before the survey, by country (%)
Question: “In the past five years in [COUNTRY] (or since you have been in [COUNTRY]), have you ever been stopped, searched or questioned by the police?” “

Police stops and racial profiling in the EU

Key findings on police stops and perceived racial profiling:
“One in four (24 %) respondents of African descent were stopped by the police in the five years before the survey; 11 % were stopped in the 12 months before the survey.
Among those stopped in the 12 months before the survey, 44 % believe the last stop they experienced was racially motivated. This view was shared at the highest rates by respondents in Italy (70 %) and Austria (63 %), and at the lowest rates by respondents in Finland (18 %).”

Reasons for not reporting racist physical attacks by a police officer:
“63 % of victims of racist physical attack by a police officer did not report the incident to anybody, “either because they felt reporting would not change anything (34 %) or because they do not trust or are afraid of the police (28 %).”


Data from the 2016 survey “Being Black in the EU – Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey” (EU-MIDIS II) by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s (FRA).

 “This report highlights how racial discrimination, racist crime, racial profiling and social exclusion specifically affect people of African descent”. (FRA, 2018)

Key findings of the survey:

1- Racist harassment and violence are common occurrences

2- Police stops are often experienced as racial profiling

3- Racial discrimination is a reality in all areas of life

4- Labour market participation – not a level playing field

5- Skin colour affects access to adequate housing